What is a HMO?
A House in Multiple Occupation (HMO) is defined as a property occupied by three or more persons (including children) who form more than one household. This includes buildings converted into self-contained flats (which do not meet the standards of the 1991 Building Regulations).
A household may be a single person or several members of the same family. For example:
- a house occupied by a brother, sister and one other unrelated occupant would form two households;
- three unrelated persons would form three households.
The tenancy agreement is not relevant in determining if a house is a HMO. Nor is the size of the property (e.g. the number of storeys).
In order to protect occupiers in HMO's from poor housing conditions, the government regulates:
The quality and safety of the accommodation provided
That you (either a landlord, managing agent or both) are a "fit and proper person" to hold a licence.
That the number of occpuiers in a property is equal to the number of rooms detailed on your licence.
If you require further information on HMO's and how to apply for them, please see the links below.