Other people living with you

 Who are Non-Dependants?

  • Generally, for the purpose of assessing Housing Benefit and Council Tax Support, non-dependants are people who live in customer’s property (household) who are 18 and over and not in full time education.
  • They could be elderly parents, grown-up sons/daughters, brothers, sisters, uncles, aunties, sister-in-laws, friends, people who live in the customer’s property on a non-commercial basis.
  • The government believes they should contribute to the household costs and tries to ensure this by taking a deduction from the customer’s HOUSING BENEFIT/COUNCIL TAX SUPPORT.

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 Non-Dependant Deductions Information

  •  Non-Dependant Deductions are increased on 01st April every year. They are based on Gross income. This means when using earnings this is amount earnt before tax, national insurance and any other deductions.
  • Non-dependant Couples – Only one non-dependent deduction is taken per couple and is calculated on the joint income, using the deduction amount applicable to the sum total of the income.
  • Allocation of a non-dependant – Where a non-dependant resides in a property with a number of people, the non-dependent deduction can be shared between them, depending on his/her relationship to each householder in the property and the proportion of their rental liability.
  • No contribution made - Unfortunately, whether or not the non-dependant actually makes a contribution to the household is not taken into account when applying the deductions.
  • Level of Evidence – Where a non-dependant refuses to provide evidence of earnings the Local Authority has little choice but to apply the highest deduction until evidence to the contrary is supplied. It is up to the Local Authority to decide the level of evidence they will accept.
  • Remunerative work - To qualify as being in remunerative work the non-dependant should be averaging 16 hours a week, otherwise the lowest deduction should be taken. Similarly non-dependants on Statutory Sick Pay/Statutory Maternity Pay should not be treated as if they were in remunerative work.
  • Self Employed Income The Department of Work and Pensions guidance is that the gross income to be taken into account, with no deductions made in respect of business expenses or Tax and NI contributions.
  • Applicable amounts - Where a customer has been in receipt of a Severe Disability Premium, any non-dependant moving in or a young person becoming a non-dependant, will cause them to lose their Severe Disability Premium and they may qualify for less benefit.
  • Non-dependant studentsBenefit regulations are clear that a customer has to be treated as occupying his home to be entitled to Housing Benefit, and/or treated as resident for Council Tax Support, and are similarly clear on whether or not a person is a member of the household. However, rules regarding whether a non-dependant student living away from home should be included in the household for Housing Benefit purposes are less clear. Local Authorities will have to look at each case individually.

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Deductions are based on gross income and if working, tax credits and other benefits will be included in the calculation.back to top

Non Dependant Deductions 2020

Non Dependant’s Income

Housing Benefit Deduction 2020

Adult Earning – Income of £469 or more (gross)

£102.35

Adult Earning – Income of £377 – £468.99 (gross)

£93.25

Adult Earning– Income of £283 – £376.99 (gross)

£81.90

Adult Earning– Income of £217 – £282.99 (gross)

£50.05

Adult Earning – Income of £149 – £216.99 (gross)

£36.45

Adult Earning – Income of less than £149.00 (gross)

£15.85

In receipt of Income support/JSA aged over 25/ Receives ESA IR main phase any age

£15.85

Not in Remunerative Work and others

£15.85

In Receipt of Pension Credit

No Deduction

 

Non Dependant’s Income

Council Tax Support Deduction 2020

Adult Earning  - Income of £469.00 or more (gross)

£12.40

Adult Earning-  Income of £377.00 – £468.99 (gross)

£10.35

Adult Earning - Income of  £217.00 - £376.99 (gross)

£8.25

Adult Earning - Income of less than £217.00 (gross)

£4.05

In receipt of Income support/JSA aged over 25/ Receives ESA IR main phase any age

No Deduction

Not in Remunerative Work and others

£4.05

In Receipt of Pension Credit

No  Deduction

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 Non-Dependant Deductions are not made when:

The customer or his/her partner is

  • Registered Blind (or ceased to be registered blind with in the last 28 weeks) or
  • In receipt of Attendance Allowance or
  • In receipt of the CARE component of Disability Living Allowance/Personal Independance Payments at any Rate.

If the customer is over 65 and someone moves in with them.  There is no deduction for 26 Weeks (non-dependant delay).

 If the Non Dependant is

  • Under 18 years old
  • On a Government Training Scheme
  • Under 25 years and on Income Support/JSA(IB) (Both  Housing Benefit/Council Tax Support)
  • Over 25 years and on Income Support/JSA(IB) (Council Tax Support only)
  • A full time student during the period of study
  • A full time student during Summer Vacations (unless in Remunerative work)
  • A hospital patient for more than 52 weeks
  • In Legal custody
  • In a Category of Persons who are disregarded for Council Tax discounts e.g. Severely Mentally impaired, apprentice (Council Tax Support only)

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Other people in the household, who are not treated as non-dependants

  • Joint tenants and occupiers – they need a separate claim.  They are assessed on the liability

     For Example 2 joint tenants 50% each

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  • Subtenant – a person who rents a room only on a commercial basis. (not a close relative or ex partner).  Also known as a lodger.

Any rent paid by a subtenant is classed as the customer’s unearned income in the benefit assessment.  £20 is disregarded from the rent paid by the subtenant.

For example, the subtenant pays £50 rent; Therefore £30 is used in the benefit assessment.

If you claim Job Seekers allowance, Income Support, Employment and Support allowance or pension credits, you must inform the Department of Work and Pensions that you have a Subtenant, as well as the Council.

If you rent your property you need to provide a letter that you have permission from your landlord to rent out a room.

If you have a subtenant, an extra room is allowed for the purposes of  your Local Housing Allowance assessment or Social Sector Size Criteria assessmen

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  • Boarder – a person who rents a room with food included on a commercial basis.  (not a close relative or ex partner).  Also known as a lodger.

For assessment purposes any rent paid by a boarder is classed as the customer’s unearned income in the benefit assessment. £20 is disregarded from the rent paid by the boarder and then 50% of the remainder is used in your benefit assessment.

For example, your boarder pays £80 rent; £20 is disregarded. The remainder is £60 and this is halved. Therefore £30 is used in the benefit assessment.

If you rent your property you need to provide a letter that you have permission from your landlord to rent out a room.

If you have a boarder, an extra room is allowed for the purposes of  your Local Housing Allowance assessment or Social Sector Size Criteria assessment.

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  • A carer - provided by a voluntary organisation for which the customer is charged or a non-resident carer who stays overnight. The carer is not used in the income assessment but an extra room allowance may be applicable for Local Housing Allowance (private tenants) or Social Sector Size Criteria (referred to by the media as Bedroom tax/Council Tenants and Housing association tenants) if there are overnight care needs.

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Foster Children – are not used in the income assessment. Fostering allowance is disregarded in full. A Foster carer can have one extra room in the Local Housing allowance assessment or Social Sector Size Criteria assessment. If they are an approved Foster Carer but have no placements, they can receive an extra room in the Local Housing Allowance assessment or Social Sector Size Criteria assessment. Please note this is different to child placed under a Residency Order.

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A person who has shared custody of their Child – a child who spends time in the homes of each of his/her parents (who live apart) is included as an occupier  in the home of the parent who gets child benefit for them. They are included in the parent that gets child benefit’s benefit assessment for income purposes and the Local Housing Allowance assessment or Social Sector Size Criteria assessment.

Last updated: Tuesday 3rd November 2020 09:08:49 AM
Review date: Friday 29th October 2021 10:03:22 AM